P105(E) Rev. 12
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If you were a student during the year, this pamphlet will give you helpful information about filing your income tax return.
If you are in Canada as an international student, go to International students in Canada or refer to our contact information at the end of this pamphlet.
If you were a student who was enrolled at a foreign university, college, or other post‑secondary educational institution outside Canada, see Information Sheet RC192, Information for Students – Educational Institutions Outside of Canada.
If you are a student with a disability, go to Persons with disabilities or see Guide RC4064, Medical and Disability‑Related Information. That guide has information about services and programs that may benefit you, and deductions and credits that may apply to you.
The terms spouse and common law partner, used throughout this pamphlet, are defined in your tax guide.
As a student, you must file a return if any of the following situations apply:
Even if none of these requirements apply, you may want to file a return if any of the following situations apply:
For a complete list detailing when you have to file a return, see the General Income Tax and Benefit Guide.
Generally, you have to use the package for the province or territory where you resided on December 31. If you were living in a province or territory other than the one you usually reside in, use the package for your usual province or territory of residence. For example, if you usually reside in Ontario, but you were going to school in Alberta, you would use the package for Ontario.
If you resided in Quebec on December 31, use the package for residents of Quebec to calculate your federal tax only. You will also need to file a provincial income tax return for Quebec.
If you move, let us know your new address as soon as possible. If you use direct deposit, advise us if you change your account number.
Keeping us informed will ensure that you keep getting any GST/HST credit, universal child care benefit payments, and Canada child tax benefit payments to which you may be entitled (including those from certain related provincial or territorial programs). Otherwise, your payments may stop, whether you receive them by cheque or by direct deposit.
Each year we conduct a number of review activities at different times during the year. Therefore, if you move, it is very important to make your change of address with us as soon as possible to allow us to communicate with you.
If you have registered with the My Account service, you can change your address by going to My Account . Otherwise, you have to tell us your new address by phone, or in writing.
If you are writing, send your letter to your tax centre. Make sure you sign it and include your social insurance number, your new address, and the date of your move. If you are writing for another person, including your spouse or common‑law partner, include their social insurance number and have them sign the letter authorizing the change to his or her records.
Before you file your return, you need a SIN. We use your SIN to identify you for income tax purposes and to update your record of earnings for your contributions to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) or the Quebec Pension Plan (QPP).
You have to give your SIN to anyone who prepares information slips (such as a T4 slip) for you. Check your slips. If your SIN is missing or is incorrect, advise the slip preparer.
For more information, or to get an application for a SIN, contact Service Canada. You will find the addresses and telephone numbers of their offices on the Web site mentioned above or in the government section of your telephone book.
You can authorize a representative (such as your father, mother, spouse or common‑law partner, tax preparer, or accountant) to deal with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) on your behalf. When you give us consent (either through My Account on our Web site or in writing) to deal with a representative, you are letting that person represent you for income tax matters, depending on the level of authorization you specify for the tax year, or years.
Your consent will stay in effect until you cancel it, it reaches the expiry date you choose, or we are notified of your death. Your representative may request by telephone, or in writing, that the consent you have given him or her be cancelled.
For more information, go to authorize my representative or get Form T1013, Authorizing or Cancelling a Representative.
You can file your return using EFILE or NETFILE, or you can file a paper return (see note below).
Your EFILE service provider can complete and file your return for you.
You can file your return by Internet if you prepare your return with a tax preparation software or Web application. Most individuals are eligible to NETFILE. For more information, or to file your return, go to NETFILE.
You cannot change your address when you file your return using NETFILE. For information about how to change your address, see the section "What should you do if you move?".
The CRA does not require you to print a paper copy of your return for your own records. However, annual tax software revisions, as well as updating or replacing the computer that stores your tax data, may affect your ability to print a copy of your return in the future.
Generally, your return for the tax year has to be filed on or before April 30 of the following year.
When a due date falls on a Saturday, a Sunday, or a holiday recognized by the CRA, we consider your return to be filed on time, or your payment to be paid on time if we receive it or it is postmarked on the next business day.
If you file your return after the due date, your GST/HST credit and Canada child tax benefit payments (including those payments from certain related provincial or territorial programs) may be delayed. In addition, you may have to pay a late‑filing penalty and interest charge. For details, see the General Income Tax and Benefit Guide.
If you are filing a paper return, include one copy of each of your information slips. These slips show the amount of income that was paid to you during the year and the deductions that were withheld from that income. Notes on each slip tell you where to report the income on your return.
Some common information slips are:
The information in your tax package will tell you when to attach other supporting documents such as certificates, forms, schedules, or official receipts.
Even if you do not have to attach certain supporting documents to your return, or if you are filing your return electronically, keep them in case we select your return for review. You should keep your supporting documents for six years.
You should also keep a copy of your return, the related notice of assessment, and any notice of reassessment. These can help you complete your return for the following year. For example, your notice of assessment will give you your tuition, education, and textbook amounts carry‑forward balance.
If you have to file a return, make sure you file it on time even if some slips or receipts are missing. You are responsible for reporting your income from all sources to avoid possible interest and/or penalties that may be charged. If you know that you will not be able to get a slip by the due date, attach a note to your paper return stating the payer's name and address, the type of income involved, and what you are doing to get the slip. Use any stubs you may have to calculate the income to report and any related deductions and credits you can claim. Enter the estimated amounts on the appropriate lines of your return. Attach the stubs to your paper return. If you are filing electronically, keep all of your documents in case we ask to see them.
To get a missing slip or receipt, contact the person who should have sent it to you. For example, if you are missing a T4 slip, contact your employer.
We usually process paper returns in four to six weeks. We can process returns filed electronically in as little as eight business days.
If you have an outstanding government debt, such as a Canada Student Loan or a training allowance overpayment, we may keep some or all of your refund to apply against your debt.
Your educational institution uses the following definitions when preparing your tax certificate. If you have any questions regarding the information provided on the tax certificate you received, please contact your educational institution directly.
If you would like more technical information about the credits and deductions referred to in this pamphlet, see the references section for a list of related publications.
A student is considered a full‑time student when he or she regularly attends a college, university, or other educational institution that offers courses at a post‑secondary school level and the student takes, during a semester, 60% or more (typically four or more full courses) of the usual course load for the qualifying educational program in which the student is enrolled.
Full‑time attendance begins at the start of each academic period. This period is usually from September to April.
A student is also considered a full‑time student if they were enrolled in a qualifying educational program and:
The student is not considered to be in full‑time attendance at a university outside of Canada if he or she is taking courses by correspondence (which includes courses where assignments are submitted electronically).
If the student is taking courses over the Internet, he or she will be considered to be in full‑time attendance only if the program requires the student to be in virtual attendance, on a full‑time basis, for classes and other course‑related activities.
Guidelines to determine if a student is considered a part‑time student include:
Designated educational institutions include:
For a list of prescribed universities outside Canada go to prescribed universities.
This is a program that lasts at least three consecutive weeks and requires a minimum of 10 hours of instruction or work in the program each week (not including study time). Instruction or work includes lectures, practical training, and laboratory work. It also includes research time spent on a post‑graduate thesis.
This is a program that lasts at least three consecutive weeks and requires that each student spend not less than 12 hours of instruction in the month on courses in the program. Instruction or work includes lectures, practical training, and laboratory work. It also includes research time spent on a post‑graduate thesis.
Eligible tuition fees include the following amounts:
Eligible tuition fees do not include the following amounts:
Examination fees paid to an educational institution, professional association, provincial ministry or other similar institution, to take an occupational, trade or professional examination that is required to obtain a professional status recognized by federal or provincial statute, or to be licensed or certified as a tradesperson, to allow the student to practice the profession or trade in Canada, may be eligible for the tuition tax credit. The individual should be provided with a receipt to substantiate his or her eligible exam fees. The receipt should contain certain information as detailed below:
NAME OF INSTITUTION: ____________________
IT IS HEREBY CERTIFIED:
THAT the following examination ____________________ was taken by ____________________ on ____________________;
THAT, out of the total fees paid for the examination, the sum of ____________________ constitutes the amount of eligible fees paid for purposes of paragraph 118.5(1)(d) of the Income Tax Act;
THAT the examination is required to obtain a professional status recognized by federal or provincial statute or to be licensed or certified as a tradesperson where that status, license or certification allows the person to practice the profession or trade in Canada;
THAT no part of the above amount was levied for travel, parking, equipment of enduring value, or any charges other than examination fees and ancillary fees (for example, ancillary fees may include the cost of examination materials used during the examination, such as identification cards and certain prerequisite study materials).
Signature of Authorized Officer:
Most income you receive is taxable and you have to include it on your return.
The most common types of income you may receive as a student include:
You do not have to include the following as income:
The following section includes information on some of these types of income. For more information on these or other types of income, see the General Income Tax and Benefit Guide.
Elementary and secondary school scholarships and bursaries are not taxable.
A post-secondary program that consists mainly of research is eligible for the education amount, and the scholarship exemption, only if it leads to a college or CEGEP diploma, or a bachelor, masters or doctoral degree (or an equivalent degree). Post-doctoral fellowships are taxable.
Post‑secondary school scholarships, fellowships, and bursaries received are not taxable if you are eligible to claim the full‑time education amount. This qualifies you for the full scholarship exemption.
The scholarship exemption will be limited to the extent that the award was intended to support the student's enrolment in the program. To determine what portion of your award was intended to support your enrolment, you should consider such factors as:
If you can claim the part‑time education amount for a program, the scholarship exemption will be limited to the tuition fees and costs incurred for program‑related materials. As you are also eligible for the basic scholarship exemption of $500, refer to the chart to calculate the portion of the award that must be included in income.
If you do not qualify for either the full‑time or the part‑time education amount and you have not received an artists' project grant (see below), you can reduce the amount you received by the $500 basic scholarship exemption, and put the remaining balance on line 130 of your tax return. The exemption can only be taken if the amount received is equal to or greater than $500.
If you received an artists' project grant, whether separately from or in addition to other scholarship income, that you used in producing a literary, dramatic, musical, or artistic work (other than a grant received for work completed as part of a business or employment), you may claim the scholarship exemption to reduce the total amount that must be included in your income as scholarship income (including artists' project grants).
The scholarship exemption is calculated by adding all of the following:
You have to include in your income for the year the total of all your awards (including artists' project grants) that is greater than your scholarship exemption as determined above.
When determining your expenses, you cannot claim:
For more information, see S1-F2-C1: Education and Textbook Tax Credits.
Apprentices can receive up to $4,000 in grants to pay tuition, travel, tools, or other expenses.
If you received either of the following apprenticeship grants in the year, report the income shown in box 105 of your T4A slip on line 130 of your tax return.
This grant helps registered apprentices in designated Red Seal trades get started. This is a taxable cash grant of $1,000 per year per level, up to a maximum of $2,000.
This grant helps registered apprentices who have completed their training become certified journeypersons in designated Red Seal trades. This is a taxable cash grant of $2,000.
For more information about these grants, visit the Service Canada Web site.
Depending on your employment arrangement, apprentices may also be eligible to deduct the cost of their tools as well as claim a GST/HST rebate. For more information, see Guide T4044, Employment Expenses or go to Forms and publications.
Subtract your expenses from the grant you received and report the net amount on line 104 of your return. Your expenses cannot be more than your grant.
Attach a list of your expenses to your paper return.
Expenses you can deduct must have been necessary to carry out the research project. These expenses include:
Expenses you cannot deduct include:
For more information, see S1-F2-C1: Education and Textbook Tax Credits.
If you received educational assistance payments (EAPs), such as interest income earned in an RESP, report the total amount you received on line 130 of your return. The amount you received is shown in box 040 or 042 of your T4A slip. A beneficiary is entitled to receive EAPs for up to six months after ceasing enrolment, provided that the payments would have qualified as EAPs if the payments had been made immediately before the student's enrolment ceased. For more information, see Information Sheet RC4092, Registered Education Savings Plans.
If you are enrolled on a full‑time basis at a university outside Canada, the minimum time period for enrollment is three consecutive weeks for EAP purposes. This measure does not apply to students enrolled on a part‑time basis or at an educational institution other than a university.
The most common deductions that apply to students are moving expenses and child care expenses. For more information on other types of deductions, see the General Income Tax and Benefit Guide or go to Forms and publications.
If the tax slip or certificate you received from your educational institution has an amount in Box C (full‑time enrollment), you qualify to claim moving expenses if you move for one of the following reasons.
These expenses can only be deducted from the taxable part of your scholarships, fellowships, bursaries, certain prizes, and research grants. You can claim moving expenses that you incur at the start of each academic period or when you move back after a summer break.
This includes summer employment or if you run a business. These moving expenses must be deducted from employment or self‑employment income you earned at the new location. You can also claim these expenses if you move back after a work semester as a co‑operative student. You cannot claim these expenses if they were paid by your employer.
In both cases above, your new home must be at least 40 kilometres closer to the educational institution or new place of work.
For the purpose of moving expenses, correspondence courses are not included. If you are a co‑operative student who attends an educational institution for an academic period and then you work for a similar period in a business or industry that relates to your academic studies, you are considered a full‑time student only during the months you attend the educational institution.
If your eligible moving expenses are more than the taxable portion of the scholarships, fellowships, bursaries, certain prizes, and research grants that you received and reported on your return for the year, you can carry forward the unused portion and deduct it from the taxable portion of the scholarships, fellowships, bursaries, certain prizes, and research grants you receive and report for the following years.
In addition, if you pay expenses after the year of your move, you may be able to claim them on your return for the year you pay them. You may carry forward unused amounts until you have enough eligible income to claim them.
You or your spouse or common‑law partner may have paid for someone to look after your child so one of you could earn income, go to school, or conduct research. The expenses are deductible only if, at some time in the year, the child was under 16 or had a mental or physical impairment.
Generally, only the spouse or common‑law partner with the lower net income (even if it is zero) can claim these expenses. However, the individual with the higher net income may still be able to claim the child care expenses if their spouse or common‑law partner was enrolled in an educational program or if another specific situation applied. For more information on other situations or to make your claim, see Form T778, Child Care Expenses Deduction.
You can claim a non‑refundable tax credit of $2,131 for each of your or your spouse's or common‑law partner's children if they lived with you throughout 2012 and were under the age of 18 at the end of the year. For more information, see line 367 in the General Income Tax and Benefit Guide.
Federal non‑refundable tax credits reduce your federal tax up to the amount of tax owing. They are called non‑refundable tax credits because you can only use them to reduce your tax payable to zero. You cannot get a refund for these tax credits.
All federal non‑refundable tax credits are reported on Schedule 1 of your personal tax return. The most common federal non‑refundable tax credits that apply to students are:
The federal non‑refundable tax credits are calculated by multiplying the total dollar amount by the lowest personal tax rate percentage, which is currently 15%.
Residents of all provinces and territories except Quebec calculate their provincial or territorial non‑refundable tax credits on Form 428.
The rules for claiming provincial or territorial non‑refundable tax credits are the same as for federal non‑refundable tax credits. However, the value and calculation of the credits are different.
If you were an employee in 2012, you can claim an employment amount in field 363 of your Schedule 1.
Claim the lesser of:
Provided these costs have not already been claimed by someone else, only you (the student), or your spouse or common‑law partner, can claim the cost of transit passes purchased for use by:
You can claim these in field 364 of Schedule 1.
Passes for shorter duration periods: You can claim in field 364 of your Schedule 1 the cost of a pass that entitles you to unlimited travel for an uninterrupted period of at least five days, and you have purchased enough of these passes in the year so that you are entitled to unlimited travel for at least 20 days in any 28‑day period.
Passes for longer duration periods: The cost of a pass for a longer duration, such as a monthly pass, or annual pass which allows for unlimited travel within Canada on public transit during the year including local buses, streetcars, subways, commuter trains or buses, and local ferries, can also be claimed in field 364 of your Schedule 1.
Electronic payment cards: The cost of these can be claimed if they are used to make at least 32 one‑way trips during an uninterrupted period of not more than 31 days
Reimbursement of an eligible expense – If you have been reimbursed for some or all of the cost of the pass, you cannot claim the entire expense. Only claim the part of the amount for which you have not been or will not be reimbursed, including subsidies. However, if you have included the cost in your income, for example an amount appearing on your T4 slip, then you can deduct the full cost on your return, provided you have not deducted it in some other area of the tax return.
Receipts – Whether you are filing electronically or on paper, keep all of your documents in case we ask to see them at a later date.
If you received a loan under the Canada Student Loans Act, the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act, or similar provincial or territorial government laws for post‑secondary education, only you can claim, in field 319 of your Schedule 1, the interest that you, or a person related to you, paid on that loan during 2012 or, starting from the oldest year first, the carry forward amounts from the last five years.
You cannot transfer this amount to another person. You can only claim this amount if you have not claimed it before. The interest claimed must only be interest on the student loan and not on any other type of loan, or paid on a student loan that has been combined with any other loan. If you renegotiated your student loan with a bank or another financial institution, or included it in an arrangement to consolidate your loans, you cannot claim this interest amount. In addition, you cannot claim interest paid for a judgment obtained after you failed to pay back a student loan.
If you do not have to pay taxes for the year the interest is paid, it is to your advantage not to claim the interest on your tax return for that year. You can carry the interest forward and use it to reduce any tax you owe on any of your returns you will file for the next five years, as long as the same amount hasn't been claimed more than once.
Receipts – If you are filing a paper return, include your receipts for the amounts you claim. If you are filing electronically, keep your receipts in case we ask to see them at a later date.
To claim your tuition, education and textbook amounts you must have received one of the following documents from your educational institution. These documents show the number of months you were enrolled either on a part‑time (Box B) or a full‑time (Box C) basis:
Contact your educational institution if you have not received one of these documents.
You also may need to complete a provincial or territorial Schedule (S11), unless you lived in Quebec. Attach these schedules to your return.
For more information on how your educational institution determined the figures that appear on your tax certificate, or if you did not receive a tax slip or certificate and you believe you should have, see Definitions to determine if you qualify for the tax credits.
The tax certificate you received from your educational institution will indicate the amount of eligible tuition fees that you paid for that calendar year. To qualify, the fees you paid to attend each educational institution must be more than $100. For example, if you attended two educational institutions in the year, the amount on each of your tax certificates must be more than $100.
Report the total eligible tuition fees on line 2 of Schedule 11.
You cannot claim the following tuition fees:
Contact us if you are not sure if you can claim your fees.
If you were in full‑time enrollment (Box C), you can claim $400 times the total number of months indicated on your tax form. This amount goes on line 6 of Schedule 11 of your tax return.
If the following relates to you, you can claim the full‑time education and textbook amounts:
You are responsible for requesting from your educational institution that they complete the T2202. The educational institution is certifying that, although you were enrolled on a part‑time basis, you are taking a course(s) from a qualifying educational program.
If you were in part‑time enrollment (Box B), you can claim $120 times the total number of months indicated on your tax form. This amount goes on line 3 of Schedule 11 of your tax return.
You can claim the education amount if:
You cannot claim either the full‑time or the part‑time education amount if:
A grant, reimbursement, benefit, or allowance does not include any scholarship, fellowship, bursary, or prize you received, or any benefit you received under the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act, Canada Student Loans Act, or an Act respecting financial assistance for education expenses of the province of Quebec.
These amounts also do not include any financial assistance provided under Part II of the Employment Insurance Act (as shown in box 20 of your T4E slip), a labour‑market development agreement as part of a similar provincial or territorial program, or a program developed under the authority of the Department of Human Resources and Skills Development Act.
A post‑secondary program that consists mainly of research will be eligible for the education amount, and the scholarship exemption, only if it leads to a college or CEGEP diploma, or a bachelor, masters, or doctoral degree (or an equivalent degree). Accordingly, post‑doctoral fellowships will continue to be taxable.
You can claim this amount only if you are entitled to claim the education amount (see above).
The amount is:
You have to claim your tuition, education, and textbook amounts first on your own return, even if someone else paid your fees. The amount you must use on your own tax return is equal to the amount of credit required to reduce the taxes you owe. The calculation for this amount is included on Schedule 11.
Once you have completed Schedule 11, if you still have unused credit available, you can now choose one of the following options:
You may transfer a maximum of $5,000, minus the amount you used to reduce your tax owing as calculated on Schedule 11. You can transfer (all or some) to your spouse or common‑law partner (who would claim it in field 360 of his or her Schedule 2) or to your or your spouse's or common‑law partner's parent or grandparent (who would claim it in field 324 of his or her Schedule 1).
Depending on their province or territory of residence, your spouse or common‑law partner may have to complete Schedule (S2) to calculate their provincial or territorial transfer amounts.
To designate your transfer, complete the back of certificate T2202, Education and Textbook Amounts Certificate, part 3 of certificate TL11A, Tuition, Education, and Textbook Amounts Certificate – University Outside Canada, part 4 of certificate TL11B, Tuition, Education, and Textbook Amounts Certificate – Flying School or Club, part 4 of certificate TL11C, Tuition, Education, and Textbook Amounts Certificate – Commuter to the United States, or certificate T2202A, Tuition, Education, and Textbook Amounts Certificate.
You can carry forward and claim in a future year the part of your tuition, education, and textbook amounts you cannot use (and do not transfer) for the year. You have to claim your carry‑forward amount in the first year that you have to pay income tax. To calculate the amount you are carrying forward, you have to file an income tax return and complete Schedule 11.
If you carry forward an amount, you will not be able to transfer it to anyone.
Depending on your province or territory of residence, you may have to complete Schedule (S11) to calculate your provincial or territorial transfer or carry‑forward amounts. Attach these schedules to your return.
You may be eligible to receive other credits and benefits. Here is a list of credits and benefits that you may be eligible to receive:
For more information on your eligibility and how to apply for related credits and benefits, go to Child and Family Benefits. You can apply online for child benefits, and get information online about child and family benefits, by going to My Account. You can also call us at 1‑800‑959‑1953 for questions about GST/HST credits and 1‑800‑387‑1193 for questions about CCTB and UCCB.
If you lived anywhere in Canada except Quebec on December 31, you may be eligible to claim provincial or territorial credits on your return. Check your income tax package to see if there are any provincial or territorial credits you can claim.
If you lived in Quebec on December 31, you have to complete a provincial income tax return for Quebec to claim your provincial credits.
To get our forms or publications, go to Forms and publications or call 1‑800‑959‑2221.
If you need help after reading this pamphlet, visit our Web site or call 1‑800‑959‑8281.
Community Volunteer Income Tax Program – If you need help to complete your tax return, your income is low, and your tax situation is simple, our volunteers are specially trained to help you. For more information about this free program, or if you want to become a volunteer, go to Community Volunteer Income Tax Program (CVITP) or call us at 1‑800‑959‑8281 from anywhere in Canada and the United States (local time).
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You can now use your online banking information to log in to My Account. You can still use your CRA user ID and password, if you prefer.
For more information go to My Account.
For personal and general tax information by telephone, use our automated service, TIPS, by calling 1‑800‑267‑6999.
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