Universal child care benefit (UCCB)

How can you benefit? Find out more

The UCCB was introduced in 2006 as a taxable benefit designed to help Canadian families, as they try to balance work and family life, by supporting their child care choices through direct financial support.

On January 1, 2015, the UCCB was enhanced to include a new benefit for children aged 6 through 17, and the payments that parents receive were increased.

Questions and answers

What changes have been made to enhance the UCCB?

The UCCB was increased to $160 per month for each child under the age of six.

The UCCB was expanded to children aged 6 through 17. Parents will receive a benefit of up to $60 per month for each child in their care aged 6 through 17.

Do you qualify for the UCCB?

To receive the UCCB, you must meet the following conditions:

  1. You must live with the child, and the child must be under the age of 18.
     
  2. You must be the person who is primarily responsible for the child’s care and upbringing. Primarily responsible means that you are responsible for such things as supervising the child's daily activities and needs, making sure the child's medical needs are met, and arranging for child care when necessary. If there is a female parent who lives with the child, the CRA usually considers her to be this person. However, it could be the father, a grandparent, or a guardian.
    Note
    You may not be considered primarily responsible for the care and upbringing of a child if the child is legally, physically or financially maintained by a child welfare agency. For more information, go to the Children's Special Allowances (CSA) Fact Sheet or call 1-800-387-1193.
     
  3. You must be a resident of Canada.
    • The CRA considers you to be a resident of Canada when you establish sufficient residential ties in Canada.
       
  4. You or your spouse or common-law partner must be a:
    • Canadian citizen;
    • permanent resident, as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act;
    • protected person, as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act; or
    • temporary resident, as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, who has lived in Canada throughout the previous 18 months, and who has a valid permit in the 19th month (other than one that states "does not confer status"). If this is your situation, you should not apply before the 19th month.

Note
You are entitled to receive the UCCB for a particular month if you are an eligible individual for CCTB at the end of the preceding month and continue to be so into the beginning of that particular month.

When should you apply for the UCCB?

Generally, you should apply for the UCCB as soon as possible after:

  • your child is born;
  • a child starts to live with you; or
  • you became a resident of Canada.
Do you have to apply for the enhanced UCCB?

You do not have to apply if:

  • you are the parent of a newborn and applied in 2015. You will automatically receive the increased payments.
  • you are already receiving UCCB. The increase will be applied automatically.
  • you previously applied for, or received the CCTB or the UCCB for a child or children who are under 18 and who are still in your care. The increase will be applied automatically.

Notes

If your personal information has changed since you received the CCTB or UCCB, you should contact the CRA to update your records to ensure you receive the correct UCCB payment.

If your personal information has not changed since you received the CCTB or UCCB, you do not need to reapply. We will pay the enhanced UCCB to you automatically based on the information we have on file.

You do need to apply if:

  • you have never applied for, or received, the CCTB or UCCB for a child or children in your care who are under the age of 18. You can apply online by using "Apply for child benefits" through the CRA’s My Account online service or, you can complete Form RC66, Canada Child Benefits Application and send it to your tax centre with the supporting documents. If your application is not complete, the CRA will ask for the missing information.

See our scenarios to find out where you fit in. Take our simple quiz I'm a parent with a child or children under the age of 18. Will I automatically receive the enhanced UCCB? to find out if you need to apply.

How do you apply for the UCCB?

If you are the parent of a newborn, living in a participating province, you may apply for the UCCB using the Automated Benefits Application (ABA) service. You will find all the information you need to use the ABA service in the provincial/territorial birth registration package provided by your province or territory.

If you do not live in a participating province, or you are not applying for a newborn, you can apply online by using "Apply for child benefits" through the CRA’s My Account online service, or complete Form RC66, Canada Child Benefits Application.

When are the UCCB payments made?

Generally, the CRA issues the UCCB payments on the 20th of each month. See the benefit payment dates to view the last and next payment dates.

The first enhanced payment will be issued on July 20, 2015. The amount will include a retroactive payment for the period covering January to June 2015.

You can subscribe to the Electronic mailing list - benefit recipients - payment issuance to be notified when the next UCCB payments will be issued.

If you file a Canada child benefits application, when can you expect to receive your first UCCB payment?

You can expect to hear from the CRA within 80 calendar days after receiving your application. 

See When are the UCCB payments made? for payment information.

Your child does not go to daycare. Can you receive the UCCB anyway?

The UCCB supports Canadian families in their child care choices, whether or not the children are in institutionalized daycare programs.

Can you get UCCB payments by direct deposit?

The Government of Canada is switching to direct deposit payments.

If you already provided your bank account information to the CRA for one or more payments, we will continue to use this bank account to deposit all payments we make to you on or after January 1, 2015. For more information or to apply for direct deposit, go to Direct deposit.

Can your UCCB payment be used to pay off your outstanding debt with the CRA or another federal department or agency?

No, the UCCB is intended to help Canadian families meet their child care needs and it will be protected from being applied to outstanding debts, other than UCCB debts.

Related information

Electronic services

I'm a parent with a child or children under the age of 18. Will I automatically receive the enhanced UCCB? Answer the question below to find out:

Are you currently receiving the Canada child tax benefit (CCTB) for all children in your care?

Yes No

This questionnaire is also available in a printable PDF format (214 KB)

and also in Inuktitut (PDF format 627 KB).

 

 

Video: Helping families prosper

Transcript

Stay connected

To receive updates when new information is added to our website, you can:

You can also visit our YouTube Channel for tax-related videos.

Date modified: