UCCB - Application and eligibility

Important notice

Under proposed legislation, the Government is increasing and expanding the UCCB starting in 2015. The UCCB is being enhanced by providing up to $1,920 per year for each child under the age of 6, and introducing a new benefit of up to $720 per year for children aged 6 through 17.

For more information about the changes, go to Enhanced Universal Child Care Benefit.

  1. Who is eligible for the universal child care benefit (UCCB)?
  2. When do I apply for the UCCB?
  3. My child(ren) does/do not go to daycare. Can I receive the UCCB anyway?
  4. How do I apply for the UCCB?
  5. After I complete the Canada child benefits application, where do I send it?
  6. If I file a Canada child benefits application, when can I expect to receive my first UCCB payment?
  7. When am I entitled to receive UCCB payments?

1. Who is eligible for the universal child care benefit (UCCB)?

To receive the UCCB, all the following conditions must be met.

  1. You must live with the child, and the child must be under the age of 6;
  2. You must be the person who is primarily responsible for the care and upbringing of the child;

    This means you are responsible for such things as supervising the child's daily activities and needs, making sure the child's medical needs are met, and arranging for child care when necessary. If there is a female parent who lives with the child, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) usually consider her to be this person. However, it could be the father, a grandparent, or a guardian.

    Note:
    You may not be considered primarily responsible for the care and upbringing of a child if the child is legally, physically or financially maintained by a child welfare agency. For more information, go to the children's special allowances (CSA) fact sheet or call 1-800-387-1193.

  3. You must be a resident of Canada;

    the CRA consider you to be a resident of Canada when you establish sufficient residential ties in Canada.

  4. You or your spouse or common-law partner must be:
    • Canadian citizen;
    • "permanent resident" (as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act);
    • "protected person" (as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act); or
    • "temporary resident" (as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act) who has lived in Canada throughout the previous 18 months, and who has a valid permit in the 19th month (other than one that states "does not confer status"). If this is your situation, you should not apply before the 19th month.

2. When do I apply for the UCCB?

Generally, you should apply for the UCCB as soon as possible after:

  • your child is born;
  • a child starts to live with you; or
  • you become a resident of Canada.

3. My child(ren) does/do not go to daycare. Can I receive the UCCB anyway?

The UCCB supports Canadian families in their child care choices, whether or not the children are in institutionalized daycare programs.

4. How do I apply for the UCCB?

Enrolment for the UCCB is processed through the Canada child benefits application.

If you have never applied for the CCTB and you wish to receive the UCCB, please complete Form RC66, Canada child benefits application or use the Apply for child benefits online service on My Account.

At the time of the birth of your child, if you have provided your consent to use the Automated Benefits Application (ABA) service on the provincial/territorial birth registration form, you must not re-apply online or complete an RC66 for the child. Re-applying may result in a delay in processing your ABA application and issuing payments.

5. After I complete the Canada child benefits application, where do I send it?

Send your completed application to your tax centre. After the CRA process your application, the CRA will advise you of your CCTB and your UCCB eligibility and entitlements.

6. If I file a Canada child benefits application, when can I expect to receive my first UCCB payment?

You can expect to hear from the CRA within 80 calendar days after the CRA get your application.

7. When am I entitled to receive UCCB payments?

You are entitled to receive the UCCB for a particular month if you are an eligible individual for CCTB at the end of the preceding month and continue to be so into the beginning of that particular month. UCCB payments begin the month after a person becomes an eligible individual to the month the child turns six years old.

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