GST/HST - Penalties and interest

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How and when penalties apply? 

Penalties may apply in different situation.

Type of penalties for different situation
Type of penalty When it applies Amount charged
Failure to file Any return you file late unless:
  • there is a $0 amount owing; or
  • we owe you a refund.
A + (B × C)


A is 1% of the amount owing;
B is 25% of A; and
C is the number of months the return is overdue, to a maximum of 12 months.
Demand to file If you receive a demand to file and do not do so. $250
Failure to file electronically If you are required to file electronically and do not do so. For more information, see Mandatory electronic filing of the GST/HST return (GST34). $100 for the initial return not filed electronically;

$250 for each following return not filed electronically.
Failure to accurately report information For electronically filed returns:
  • information that must be included, but was not;
  • amounts (described further) that are over or under reported; or
  • amounts (described further) that are reported incorrectly.

The amounts include:

  • recaptured input tax credits (RITCs);
  • grandparented sales of housing in British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Prince Edward Island where the purchaser was not entitled to claim a GST/HST new housing rebate, new residential rental property rebate, or the Nova Scotia new housing rebate;
  • resales of housing that are subject to the HST at 12% in British Columbia, 15% in Nova Scotia, 13% in Ontario or 15% in Prince Edward Island where the housing was originally purchased on a grandparented basis;
  • the transitional tax adjustment for BC, Ontario and Prince Edward Island; and
  • provincial transitional new housing rebates for BC, Ontario and Prince Edward Island.
Generally 5% of the amount plus 1% per month of the difference between what is reported and what should have been reported, until the amounts are corrected (to a maximum of 10%).


You cannot claim an income tax deduction for any penalty paid or payable for failing to file a GST/HST return.

If you are a financial institution who is also required to file Form GST111, Financial Institution GST/HST Annual Information Return, there are additional penalties associated with failures to properly report information on that return. For more information, see Guide RC4419, Financial Institution GST/HST Annual Information Return.

How and when interest applies?

We charge interest if you make late or insufficient payments. Depending on the debt, the interest charged is either arrears interest or instalment interest .

We pay interest on an overpayment or refund of net tax claimed on a GST/HST return. 

Arrears interest

We charge arrears interest on:

  • any overdue balance owing on a GST/HST return
  • any other overdue GST/HST amount that you have to remit to the Receiver General

The interest rate is determined every three months in accordance with the prescribed interest rate compounded daily.

If you have an amount owing, you can view a revised balance that includes interest calculated to a date you select by using the "Account balance and activities" service and selecting the "Calculate future balance" option using:

Instalment interest

Interest on the part of any instalment payment that was not paid or that was paid late will be charged at the end of the fiscal year.

If you realize at any time during the fiscal year that you paid less than your required instalment payment or that you did not pay an instalment on time, you can reduce or eliminate your instalment interest by overpaying your next instalment payment or by paying it early.

If the instalment payments you make are equal to one quarter of your net tax from your last fiscal year and you make those payments in full and on time, we will not charge instalment interest, even if your net tax for the year is more than the instalments you made.

See example - Instalment interest

Instalment interest is calculated beginning the day after the instalment payment was due and ending on the earlier of the following dates:

  • the day the overdue instalment amount and any accrued interest is paid
  • the day your net tax owing for the year is due (although interest still applies if there is an overdue balance on your GST/HST return).

Refund interest

We will pay you interest, compounded daily, on an overpayment or refund of net tax claimed on a GST/HST return beginning from the later of:

  • 30 days after the day you file the return in which you claim the refund
  • 30 days after the day after the end of the reporting period that is covered by that return
  • the date of the payment that created the overpayment

The calculation of interest we pay ends on the day the refund is paid or applied. The interest rate is determined every three months in accordance with the prescribed interest rate compounded daily.

How do you cancel or waive penalties and interest?

The CRA administers legislation that gives the Minister of National Revenue discretion to cancel or waive penalties or interest. This legislation is commonly called the taxpayer relief provisions.

For more information, see Cancel or waive penalties or interest.

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